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Limb Development

Research devoted to the development and evolution of vertebrate and invertebrate limbs

Most publications available via ResearchGate


Lange A, Müller GB. 2014 Polydactyly in development, inheritance, and evolution. The Quarterly Review of Biology 92(1): 1-38.

Nödl M-T, Kerbl A, Walzl MG, Müller GB, de Couet HG. 2016. The cephalopod arm crown: appendage formation and differentiation in the Hawaiian bobtail squid Euprymna scolopes. Frontiers in Zoology DOI 10.1186/s12983-016-0175-8

Lange A, Nemeschkal HL, Müller GB. 2014. Biased polyphenism in polydactylous cats carrying a single point mutation: The Hemingway model for digit novelty. Evol Biol 41:262–275.

Nuño de la Rosa L, Müller GB, Metscher BD. 2014. The lateral mesodermal divide: An epigenetic model of the origin of paired fins. Evol Dev 16:38–48.

Čapek D, Metscher BD, Müller GB. 2013. Thumbs down: A molecular-morphogenetic approach to avian digit homology. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 322:1–12.

Metscher BD, Müller GB. 2011. MicroCT for molecular imaging: Quantitative visualization of complete three-dimensional distributions of gene products in embryonic limbs. Dev Dyn 240:2301–2308.

Newman SA, Müller GB. 2005. Origination and innovation in the vertebrate limb skeleton: An epigenetic perspective. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 304:593–609.

Müller GB, Streicher J, Müller RJ. 1996. Homeotic duplication of the pelvic body segment in regenerating tadpole tails induced by retinoic acid. Dev Genes Evol 206:344–348.

Williams T, Müller GB. 1996. Limb development in a primitive crustacean, Triops longicaudatus: Subdivision of the early limb bud gives rise to multibranched limbs. Dev Genes Evol 206:161–168.

Streicher J, Müller GB. 1992. Natural and experimental reduction of the avian fibula: Developmental thresholds and evolutionary constraint. J Morphol 214:269–285.

Müller GB. 1991. Developmental processes and phenotypic change in Archosaur limb evolution. In: Dudley EC, ed. The Unity of Evolutionary Biology. Washington: Dioscorides Press.

Müller GB. 1991. Evolutionary transformation of limb pattern: Heterochrony and secondary fusion. In: Hinchliffe JR, Hurle J, Summerbell D, eds. Developmental Patterning of the Vertebrate Limb. New York: Plenum Press. p 395–405.

Müller GB, Alberch P. 1990. Ontogeny of the limb skeleton in Alligator mississippiensis: Developmental invariance and change in the evolution of Archosaur limbs. J Morphol 203:151–164.

Müller GB, Streicher J. 1989. Ontogeny of the syndesmosis tibiofibularis and the evolution of the bird hindlimb: A caenogenetic feature triggers phenotypic novelty. Anat Embryol 179:327–339.

Müller GB. 1989. Ancestral patterns in bird limb development: A new look at Hampé's experiment. J Evol Biol 2:31–47.

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