Barbara Fischer

Mag. Dr.

Postdoc ResearcherLecturer

phone +43-1-4277-56706
barbara.fischer@univie.ac.at

External links

Personal homepage

Profile in ResearchGate

Profile in Google Scholar

Teaching at the Univ. Vienna

 About me

I am an evolutionary biologist at the Department of Theoretical Biology of the University of Vienna. I study phenotypic evolution using theoretical and empirical approaches. My work centers on the classical problem of adaptation vs. constraint in evolution: Why are some traits easily adapted by evolution, while others are not?

More recently, my work concentrates on the evolution of birth in humans. I study how such a difficult birth process could evolve and why it has persisted, despite the high mortality and morbidity associated with it.

I am also a dedicated teacher and I enjoy communicating science and writing articles for a non-scientific audience.

Keywords Evolution of childbirth, Evolutionary medicine, Biostatistics, Evolutionary theory, Science communication

 Recent publications

Nicole DS Grunstra, Frank E Zachos, Anna Nele Herdina, Barbara Fischer, Mihaela Pavličev, Philipp Mitteroecker (2019). Humans as inverted bats: A comparative approach to the obstetric conundrum. American Journal of Human Biology 31:e23227.

Barbara Fischer, Philipp Mitteroecker (2017). Allometry and sexual dimorphism in the human pelvis. The Anatomical Record 300:698-705.

Philipp Mitteroecker, Simon Huttegger, Barbara Fischer, Mihaela Pavlicev (2017). Reply to Grossman: The role of natural selection for the increase of Caesarean section rates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113:14680-14685.

Philipp Mitteroecker, Simon Huttegger, Barbara Fischer, Mihaela Pavlicev (2016). Cliff-edge model of obstetric selection in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113:14680-14685.

Philipp Mitteroecker, Barbara Fischer (2016). Adult pelvic shape change is an evolutionary side effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112:5655-5660.

Truls Hansson, Barbara Fischer, Anna Black Mazzarella, Kjetil Lysne Voje, Asbjorn Vollestad (2016). Lateral plate number in low‐plated threespine stickleback - a study of plasticity and heritability. Ecology and Evolution 6: 3154-3160.

Barbara Fischer, Philipp Mitteroecker (2016). Reply to Underdown and Oppenheimer: Roles of selection, plasticity, and genetics in the integration of human pelvis shape and head size. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112:5655-5660.

Barbara Fischer, Philipp Mitteroecker (2015). Covariation between human pelvis shape, stature, and head size alleviates the obstetric dilemma. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112:5655-5660.

Anna Black Mazzarella, Kjetil Lysne Voje, Truls Hansson, Annette Taugbol, Barbara Fischer (2015). Strong and parallel salinity‐induced phenotypic plasticity in one generation of threespine stickleback. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28: 667-677.

Barbara Fischer, Sander Van Doorn, Ulf Dieckmann, Barbara Taborsky (2014). The Evolution of Age-Dependent Plasticity. The American Naturalist 183: 108-125.